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  1. Memory is the process of encoding, storing, consolidating, and retrieving information. Short-term memory (STM) describes the process of passively holding small amounts of material to be later produced in an un...

    Authors: N. H. Hamouda and R. A. El-Shafaei

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2021 37:3

    Content type: Original Article

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  2. Chronic rhinosinusitis represents an important health care problem in the world. Deviated nasal septum leads to increased chance of impaired mucociliary clearance, osteomeatal complex obstruction, and developm...

    Authors: Soad Yehia Mostafa, Fatma Mohamed Abd-Elgaber, Bothina Ahmed Mohamed and Al-Shimaa Said Hammad

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2021 37:2

    Content type: Original Article

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  3. Injection laryngoplasty is a surgical procedure used in management of glottal insufficiency. The objective of this study was to assess respiratory and voice outcomes of office-based injection laryngoplasty in ...

    Authors: Asser Elsaeed, Omayma Afsah, Waleed Moneir, Tamer Elhadidy and Tamer Abou-Elsaad

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2021 37:1

    Content type: Original Article

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  4. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the patients undergoing septoplasty surgery via the Egyptian version of Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22 (SNOT-22). Sixty patients were selected from 77 deviated nasal septum...

    Authors: M. H. Abdelazim and M. E. Alsobky

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:60

    Content type: Original Article

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  5. Management of patients with sinonasal polyps ranges from systemic steroid to functional endoscopic sinus surgery; however, many patients refuse surgery or are contraindicated to receive systemic steroid. Intra...

    Authors: Sameh M. Zamzam, Mohamed Elshazly, Mohamed Salah and Abdallah Enayat

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:59

    Content type: Original Article

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  6. This study focuses on the self-perception of the voice in the elderly as assessed by the Voice-Related Quality of Life (V-RQOL) questionnaire. This work aimed to compare differences in the voice-related qualit...

    Authors: Nesreen Fathi Mahmoud, Huda Zahran and Sherif Abdelmonam

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:58

    Content type: Original Article

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  7. Velopharyngeal dysfunction causes abnormal speech due to altered nasal resonance during the production of oral speech sounds. The development of computer-based speech therapy has been growing to make use of co...

    Authors: Reham Mohamed Elmaghraby, Engy Samy Elhakeem, Alaa Mamdouh abdelhamed Radwan and Rami Nabil Abdelkader Elsalakawy

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:34

    Content type: Original Article

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  8. Understanding comorbidity of psychiatric disorders with specific learning disorders (SLD) is important because the presence of any additional disorder to the learning disability may affect the severity and pro...

    Authors: Mona Sameeh Khodeir, Safaa Refaat El-Sady and Huda Abd El-Razek Mohammed

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:57

    Content type: Review Article

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  9. Histiocytic system consists of phagocytes and dendritic cells. Both are found in lymph nodes. Usually, this disorder presents with painless cervical lymph node enlargement hence frequently mistaken for lymphom...

    Authors: Indumathi Ainer, Hardip Singh Gendeh, Salina Binti Husain and Khadijah Mohd Nor

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:33

    Content type: Case Report

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  10. In obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, the impact of hypoxia on different body systems is of utmost importance. Brainstem is greatly sensitive to the effects of hypoxia including auditory and vestibular nuclei. ...

    Authors: Hesham Saad Kouzo, Mohamed Aziz Mohamed Talaat, Ahmed Yassin Bahgat, Hazem Ahmed Mousa Zamel and Mirhan Khamis Eldeeb

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:56

    Content type: Original Article

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  11. Following the reduction of the nasal hump to a desired level, spreader grafts are usually positioned to prevent the complication of nasal valve collapse. Auto-spreader flap is a new technique that gained more ...

    Authors: Maged Baher Naguib, Mohamed Rifaat Ahmed, Yasser Taha Madian, Tarek Mohamady Elnahriry and Wael Elshahat Eldeeb

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:55

    Content type: Original Article

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  12. Rhinoplasty is considered one of the most challenging operations in the plastic surgery. Esthetic or functional reshaping purposes of the nose can be stressing for both surgeon and patient. Different types of ...

    Authors: Amr Gouda Shafik, Mohamed Naguib Mohamed and Hassan Mohamed Hassan

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:54

    Content type: Original Article

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  13. Internal jugular vein (IJV) blowout after major oncologic resections in the head and neck is a rare fatal yet preventable complication. The condition is unregistered sufficiently in the literature.

    Authors: Ahmad M. Eltelety, Ahmed A. Nassar, Ahmed M. El Batawi and Sherif G. Ibrahim

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:53

    Content type: Original Article

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  14. Sinonasal melanoma is a rare head and neck tumour. It is associated with a poor prognosis, high rates of loco-regional recurrence and distant metastasis. Treatment of the disease is therefore complicated, and ...

    Authors: Victoria Blackabey, Olivia Kenyon and Rishi Talwar

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:52

    Content type: Case Report

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  15. Chronic kidney failure is an irreversible medical condition that impairs the kidney’s ability to function. When CRF reaches a sophisticated stage, dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes, and wastes can accumu...

    Authors: Effat Ahmed Zaky, Haytham Mamdouh, Olivia Esmat and Zeinab Khalaf

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:51

    Content type: Original Article

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  16. Bat ear deformity is a common presentation among the ENT patients (22.5%). Many surgical procedures have been described to manage such a problem. A thorough study of the anatomical anomalies contributing to su...

    Authors: Ahmed Soliman Ismail

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:30

    Content type: Original Article

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  17. Teachers are more likely to develop voice disorders compared to non-teachers in other occupations. Teachers are often cited as a high-risk group for vocal dysfunction as they use their voices extensively over ...

    Authors: E. A. Zaky, H. Mamdouh, A. Maher and Z. Khalaf

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:35

    Content type: Original Article

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  18. Study the incidence of thyroid gland invasion by laryngeal carcinoma and the risk factors that may predispose to this condition. Aiding surgeons develop an evidence-based plan for the management of the thyroid...

    Authors: Ahmad M. Eltelety, Ahmed A. Nassar, Ahmed M. El Batawi and Sherif G. Ibrahim

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:28

    Content type: Original Article

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  19. In December 2019, SARS-CoV-2 was identified as the causative agent of pneumonia cases in China. This virus is spread by coughing or sneezing and can infect other persons by on contacting mucous membranes. SARS...

    Authors: Heba Mahmoud, Mohamed Shehata Taha, Anas Askoura, Mohammed Aleem, Azza Omran and Soha Aboelela

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:49

    Content type: Review Article

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  20. Repair of a perforated tympanic membrane (myringoplasty) can facilitate normal middle ear function, resist infection, and help re-establish normal hearing. Autogenous graft materials are the most popular graft...

    Authors: Ayman Ali Abdel Fattah, Abdel Hay Rashad Elasy, Ahmed Helmy Hoseini and Tarek Abdel Rahman Abdel Hafez

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:48

    Content type: Original Article

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  21. The general consensus on the role of hearing loss in generating tinnitus is not relevant in tinnitus patients with normal hearing thresholds. One source of tinnitus may be related to damage to outer hair cells...

    Authors: Doaa Elmoazen, Hesham Kozou and Basma Elabassiery

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:29

    Content type: Original Article

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  22. Cervical node metastasis is frequently encountered in CT neck of patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and non-(SCC). Differentiation between both entities carries its value on prognosis and choice of tr...

    Authors: Lamya A. Eissa and Ahmed Mohamed Mehanna

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:45

    Content type: Original Article

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  23. Isolated angioneurotic edema of the uvula is termed Quincke’s disease. It is a rare clinical disorder of acute onset with few known causes. It may be encountered in any emergency setup and must be dealt with r...

    Authors: Rakshita R. Kamath and S. Juthika Rai

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:44

    Content type: Case Report

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  24. Dysgrahia is a learning disability that affects writing; it requires a complex set of motor and information processing skills. Dysgraphia makes the act of writing difficult and leads to problems with spelling,...

    Authors: Mohamed E. Darweesh, Safaa R. Elsady, Nahla A. Reifaie and Rania M. Sidhom

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:43

    Content type: Original Article

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  25. Conventional curettage adenoidectomy (CCA) has a risk of incomplete removal of all adenoid tissue, and digital nasopharyngeal palpation is not enough to assess adenoid removal. The aim of this study was to eva...

    Authors: Mosaad Abdel-Aziz, Ahmed Nassar, Refaat Nashed, Moatz Elsherbeeny and Omar Sabry

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:26

    Content type: Original Article

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  26. This study assesses the outcomes of total conservative parotidectomy in the management of benign parotid neoplasms. A retrospective review was conducted for all parotidectomies for benign superficial parotid n...

    Authors: Tarek Abd El-Rahman Abd El-Hafez, Yasser Abd El-Wahab Khalil, Mohamed El Noaman, Ahmad Helmy Zayan and Ashraf Ali El-Demerdash

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:42

    Content type: Original Article

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  27. To assess whether call center operators are subject to or suffer from any auditory fatigue when compared to normal subjects. A prospective case-control study where twenty-eight call center operators (10 female...

    Authors: Pretty Omar Afifi, Tayseer Taha Tayseer Abdel Rahman and Ahmed Gamal Khafagy

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:41

    Content type: Original Article

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  28. Deep neck infections are showing resurgence in the current era and still pose threatening diagnosis. CT is the gold standard imaging modality; still, the reported low sensitivity and specificity was suggested ...

    Authors: Lamya Eissa and Ahmed Mohamed Mehanna

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:40

    Content type: Original Article

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  29. Nowadays, radiotherapy is widely used in management of many types of tumors including head and neck tumors; in this study, we concerned with its reverse effects on the Eustachian tube functions and if this eff...

    Authors: Ahmed Abdullah Hamd, Essam Abd El-Wanes Behiry, Adel Tharwat Atallah, Sherif Maher Elaini and Ahmed Hamdy Alshafai

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:39

    Content type: Original Article

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  30. The inferior nasal turbinates have important role in the maintenance of nasal breathing function by providing the nasal valve mechanism necessary for the regulation of air flow through the nose. Hypertrophied ...

    Authors: Ashraf Ali El-Demerdash, Essam Abdel Wanees Beheiry, Sherif Maher El-Aini, Asmaa Shams El-Dein Mohamed and Ahmed Mohamed Ibrahim Khattab

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:24

    Content type: Original Article

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  31. This article discusses the importance of high frequency ultrasonography in detection of different types of thyroid nodules considering only the histopathological examination of the surgical specimens as the fi...

    Authors: Ahmed Youssef, Mohamed Hesham Abd-Elmonem, Rania Ahmed Mohamed Ghazy, Mohamed Mahmoud El Shafei and Mohamed Zahran

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:23

    Content type: Original Article

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  32. There is a debate in the literature about surgical management of childhood cholesteatoma. We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis study about the recidivism of acquired cholesteatoma in children after two primary ...

    Authors: Yasser Shewel, Seddik Abdel Salam Tawfik, Abdulla A. L. Aaref and Noha Saleh

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:38

    Content type: Review Article

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  33. Hearing loss is one of the most common health problems affecting people in the developing countries so our aim of the “Save The Hearing Project” was to combat deafness by training local doctors for ear surgery...

    Authors: Mohamed A. El-Begermy, Hany A. Deghady, Nasr El-Seidy, Abdelrahman Ezzat, Marwa M. El-Begermy, Abdul Wasa AlAqel, Mohmed Saleh Mosleh and Yasser Nafie

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:32

    Content type: Original Article

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  34. Respiratory distress is recognized as any sign of breathing difficulty in infants. Some congenital anomalies present immediately with airway distress, while others are asymptomatic or discovered later in infan...

    Authors: Essam Abo Elmagd, Bahaa El Hawary, Megahed M. Hassan, Hanem Kassem and Abd El Rahman El Tahan

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:36

    Content type: Original Article

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  35. Mathematical skills have an important role in progress of the educational level of nations. Unfortunately, there are still some pupils in school with normal intellectual function, but they have different degre...

    Authors: R. M. Abdou, N. H. Hamouda and A. M. Fawzy

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:18

    Content type: Original Article

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  36. Acute otitis media (AOM) is the commonest pediatric bacterial infection, affecting up to 75% of children at some time before age 5 years. AOM is among the primary reasons for antibiotic prescriptions in pediat...

    Authors: Ashraf S. El Hamshary, Hesham A. Abdel Rahman, Mohamed Aboelsoued, Rasha A. Elsayed and Abdelhakim F. Elwany

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:17

    Content type: Original Article

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  37. Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a speech sound disorder in which the precision and consistency of movements underlying speech are impaired in absence of neuromuscular deficits. It is important to differen...

    Authors: Dalia Abdou, Omayma Afsah, Hemmat Baz and Tamer Abou-Elsaad

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:20

    Content type: Original Article

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  38. Intratympanic (IT) dexamethasone, with or without ventilation tube, is widely used to control vertigo in Meniere’s disease (MD) patients. Some authors believe that the tube on its own has a role in the control...

    Authors: Reham Rafei El Shafei and Mohamed Qotb

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:22

    Content type: Original Article

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  39. Patients suffering from vestibular migraine (VM) are known to have various vestibular test abnormalities interictally and ictally. Recently, vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) have become accepted a...

    Authors: Doaa Elmoazen, Hesham Kozou, Jaidaa Mekky and Dalia Ghanem

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:19

    Content type: Original Article

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  40. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common inflammatory disorder whose underlying etiopathogenesis has not yet been completely understood and appears to be multifactorial. Microbial biofilms and bony osteitis ar...

    Authors: Hassan El Ibiary, Naglaa Samir, Ehab Kamal and Tarek Ashmawy

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:27

    Content type: Original Article

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  41. Bilateral cochlear implantation (BiCI) has been provided with an intent to promote binaural hearing and improve quality of life (QoL). Binaural hearing maximum benefit could be optimized with BiCI, when indica...

    Authors: Reham Elrashidy, Ahmed Mohamed Khater, Mohmad Shabana, Ahmed Khashaba and Adel Tharwat

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:16

    Content type: Original Article

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  42. Lingual thyroid is a very rare pathological finding and is usually incidentally discovered. It occurs when a defect in embryogenesis gives rise to ectopic thyroid as tongue base mass. Majority of patients are ...

    Authors: Turki Abdul Kareem al Driweesh, Mohammad Mosa Mokhatrish, Tahera Islam and Khalid H. Al-Qahtani

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology 2020 36:13

    Content type: Case Report

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