Skip to main content

Prevalence of autism spectrum disorder among children referred to special needs clinic in Giza

To the Editor,

In their interesting study, Meguid et al. [1] used the criteria from the 5th Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised to report that 22.5% of Egyptian children with special needs had autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and that children with comorbid disorders scored significantly higher on the autism rating scale (p < 0.0001). We believe that the following point is noteworthy. Numerous screening tools have been constructed in recent years to accurately diagnose ASD. In fact, the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers Revised with Follow-up (M-CHAT-R/F) is regarded as a valid and reliable tool for the early detection of children at risk for ASD. Different populations-specific M-CHAT-R/F have been developed with accepted sensitivity and specificity to be utilized in health institutions and research centers [2,3,4]. Interestingly, the cultural adaptation and validation of M-CHAT-R/F has been designed in a particular Arabic dialect [5]. We believe that the construction of the Egyptian version of the M-CHAT-R/F is crucial and its use could provide a more accurate depiction of the actual prevalence of ASD among the disabled Egyptian pediatric population.

Availability of data and materials

Not applicable.

References

  1. Meguid NA, Nashaat NH, Ghannoum H, Hashem HS, Hussein G, El-Saied A (2023) Prevalence of autism spectrum disorder among children referred to special needs clinic in Giza. Egypt J Otolaryngol 39:27. https://doi.org/10.1186/s43163-023-00393-4

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Magán-Maganto M, Canal-Bedia R, Hernández-Fabián A et al (2020) Spanish cultural validation of the modified checklist for autism in toddlers, revised. J Autism Dev Disord 50(7):2412–2423. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-3777-5

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Oner O, Munir KM (2020) Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers Revised (MCHAT-R/F) in an Urban metropolitan sample of young children in Turkey. J Autism Dev Disord 50(9):3312–3319. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04160-4

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  4. Losapio MF, Siquara GM, Lampreia C, Lázaro CP, Pondé MP (2022) Translation into Brazilian Portuguese and validation of the M-CHAT-R/F scale for early screening of autism spectrum disorder. Rev Paul Pediatr 41:e2021262. https://doi.org/10.1590/1984-0462/2023/41/2021262

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  5. Tabril T, Chekira A, Moukhless S et al (2023) Cultural adaptation and validation of the modified checklist for autism in toddlers, revised with follow-up in Moroccan Arabic dialect. Encephale 49(1):15–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.encep.2021.09.010

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

Not applicable.

Funding

This work did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

MDA reviewed the literature on autism spectrum disorder, wrote and edited the manuscript, and made the final approval.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mahmood D. Al-Mendalawi.

Ethics declarations

Ethics approval and consent to participate

Not applicable.

Consent for publication

Not applicable.

Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Al-Mendalawi, M.D. Prevalence of autism spectrum disorder among children referred to special needs clinic in Giza. Egypt J Otolaryngol 39, 43 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1186/s43163-023-00408-0

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s43163-023-00408-0