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High frequency audiometry in tinnitus patients with normal hearing in conventional audiometry

Abstract

Context

Hearing loss is the most important risk factor of tinnitus, but this relation is not straightforward; some patients with severe tinnitus have normal hearing, whereas many patients with hearing loss do not have tinnitus.

Aims

The aim was to determine if high frequency audiometry (HFA) may reveal significant differences between normal hearing participants with and without tinnitus.

Settings and design

This is a case–control study.

Participants and methods

HFA was done on two groups of participants with normal hearing sensitivity. The first group was composed of 20 adults with tinnitus, whereas the control group was 15 age-matched and sex-matched participants, not suffering from tinnitus.

Statistical analysis

Data were analyzed using SPSS software package version 20.0. Significance of the results was judged at the 5% level. χ2 with Fisher’s exact as a correction, Kruskal–Wallis, Mann–Whitney, and Pearson’s coefficient tests were used.

Results

HFA showed no significant difference between the two studied groups.

Conclusion

Tinnitus in normal hearing participants does not necessarily indicate corresponding damage in the cochlea

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Correspondence to Doaa M. Elmoazen MD.

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Elmoazen, D.M., Kozou, H.S. & Mohamed, A.A. High frequency audiometry in tinnitus patients with normal hearing in conventional audiometry. Egypt J Otolaryngol 34, 308–315 (2018). https://doi.org/10.4103/ejo.ejo_44_18

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Keywords

  • high frequency audiometry
  • normal hearing
  • tinnitus