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Assessing the correlations between subjective symptom scores and turbinoseptal relationships in pretreatment adults with chronic rhinosinusitis

Abstract

Background

This study was undertaken to assess the correlations between subjective symptom score in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and endoscopic turbinoseptal relationship (TSR).

Aim

To assess the pattern of TSR and their correlations with symptom score in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis.

Settings and design

This was an observational study in a tertiary/teaching hospital setting

Patients and Methods

Consecutive pretreatment adults with chronic rhinosinusitis completed the sinonasal outcome test 22 (SNOT22) and had nasal endoscopy. At endoscopy, the TSR was determined, as well as the presence of nasal polyps.

Statistical analysis

Mean SNOT22 score was calculated and TSR types were grouped and their distribution documented with types 3 and 4 taken as unfavorable types. χ2-Tests were used to determine the correlations between turbinoseptal types, presence of nasal polys, and SNOT22 scores with the level of significance set at P value up to 0.05.

Results

A total of 53 [23 (43.4%) men and 30 (56.6%) women] patients with a mean age of 42.5±18.6, completed the study. Median symptom duration was 36 weeks (13–112 weeks). Mean SNOT22 score was 29.7±2.8. Unfavorable TSR types were found in 42.5% of nostrils, more on the right (χ2=13.2; P≤0.01).

There is no significant correlation between the presence of unfavorable TSR and worsening total SNOT22 scores [R (K-S=0.13 P=0.95) L (K-S=0.34, P=0.07)].

Conclusion

Unfavorable TSR is common in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. However, there is no correlation between the presence of abnormal TSR and symptom scores.

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Correspondence to Adekunle Adeyemo MBBS, FWACS.

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Adeyemo, A., Ameye, S.A., Amusa, Y.B. et al. Assessing the correlations between subjective symptom scores and turbinoseptal relationships in pretreatment adults with chronic rhinosinusitis. Egypt J Otolaryngol 34, 248–252 (2018). https://doi.org/10.4103/ejo.ejo_26_18

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Keywords

  • chronic rhinosinusitis
  • septum
  • sinonasal outcome test 22
  • turbinate