- Case report
- Open Access
Hurdles in managing tracheoesophageal fistula: case report
The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology volume 35, pages334–337(2019)
Congenital tracheoesophageal fistula (TOF) is a rare anomaly. With the development of endoscopic techniques, the diagnosis of TOF has made marked progress. It requires surgical repair in infancy by either open or thoracoscopic approach. Diagnosing and locating the location of fistula may be difficult particularly in smaller fistula. We report three cases of TOF, to highlight the role of bronchoscopy and endoscopy and also the challenges in managing the aforementioned cases, which may present with airway embarrassment.
Shaw-Smith C. Oesophageal atresia, tracheo-oesophageal fistula, and the VACTERL association: review of genetics and epidemiology. J Med Genet 2006; 43:545–554.
Rothenberg S. Esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula malformations. In: Holcomb GW III, Murphy JP, Ostlie DJ, editors. Ashcraft’s pediatric surgery. London, UK: Elsevier Inc; 2014. pp. 365–384.
Slater BJ, Rothenberg SS. Tracheoesophageal fistula. Semin Pediatr Surg 2016; 25:178–178.
Spitz L, Kiely EM, Morecroft JA, Drake DP. Oesophageal atresia: at-risk groups for the 1990s. J Pediatr Surg 1994; 29:723–725.
DeBoer EM, Prager JD, Ruiz AG, Jensen EL, Deterding RR, Friedlander JA. Multidisciplinary care of children with repaired esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula. Pediatr Pulmonol 2016; 51:576–581.
Bradshaw CJ, Thakkar H, Knutzen L, Marsh R, Pacilli M, Impey L, Lakhoo K. Accuracy of prenatal detection of tracheoesophageal fistula and oesophageal atresia. J Pediatr Surg 2016; 51:1268–1272.
Sharma N, Srinivas M. Laryngotracheobronchoscopy prior to esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula repair –its use and importance. J Pediatr Surg 2014; 49:367–369.
Antabak A, Luetic T, Caleta D, Romic I. H-type tracheoesophageal fistula in a newborn: determining the exact position of fistula by intra-operative guidewire placement. J Neonatal Surg 2014; 3:36.
Richter GT, Ryckman F, Brown RL, Rutter MJ. Endoscopic management of recurrent tracheoesophageal fistula. J Pediatr Surg 2008; 43:238–245.
Yankovic F, Castillo C, Saenz R, Navarrete C. Endoscopic argon plasma coagulation in recurrent tracheoesophageal fistula. Clinical series and review of the literature. Gastroenterol Hepatol 2009;32:600–604.
This is an open access journal, and articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as appropriate credit is given and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
About this article
Cite this article
Aziz, A., Lazim, N.M., Mohamad, H. et al. Hurdles in managing tracheoesophageal fistula: case report. Egypt J Otolaryngol 35, 334–337 (2019). https://doi.org/10.4103/ejo.ejo_24_18
- esophageal atresia
- guide wire
- tracheoesophageal fistula