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Intravenous L-alanyl-L-glutamine: an adjuvant in the management of immunocompromised patients with invasive fungal rhinosinusitis




Invasive fungal rhinosinusitis is a potentially fatal infection in immunocompromised patients. Glutamine, a conditionally essential amino acid, is an energy source for rapidly dividing cells, particularly those of the immune system. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-group parallel study was designed to investigate intravenous l-alanyl-l-glutamine as an immune adjuvant in the management of patients with invasive fungal rhinosinusitis.

Patients and methods

Fourteen patients with invasive fungal rhinosinusitis undergoing endoscopic debridement and with postoperative admission to the ICU were included in this study. Group D (n = 7) received the standard protocol therapy and l-alanyl-l-glutamine 0.5 mg/kg/day infusion postoperatively for 10 days; group C (n = 7) received only the standard protocol therapy with the same volume and rate of saline postoperatively for 10 days as well. The primary outcome measure was patient response, either cure or persistence, whereas secondary outcome included length of ICU stay, ICU survival, hospital survival, and complications.


In group D there was significant improvement in response rate as all five patients who survived in group D had a complete cure (100%), whereas in group C among the three patients who survived only one (33%) patient was completely cured. There was significant decrease in length of ICU stay (P = 0.003) and incidence of complications (P = 0.03) in group D compared with group C. The incidence of intracranial extension, renal impairment, and septic shock as well as ICU and hospital survival, was decreased in group D compared with group C but did not reach statistical significance.


Intravenous l-alanyl-l-glutamine 0.5 mg/kg/day infusion postoperatively for 10 days in patients with invasive fungal rhinosinusitis undergoing endoscopic debridement resulted in a better response accompanied with a decrease in ICU length of stay and complication rate.


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Correspondence to Mohamed M. Elsharnouby MD.

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Elsharnouby, N.M., Elsharnouby, M.M., Elewa, G. et al. Intravenous L-alanyl-L-glutamine: an adjuvant in the management of immunocompromised patients with invasive fungal rhinosinusitis. Egypt J Otolaryngol 32, 1–6 (2016).

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  • complications
  • endoscopic debridement
  • hospital survival
  • ICU length of stay
  • ICU survival
  • intravenous l-alanyl-l-glutamine
  • invasive fungal rhinosinusitis