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Table 5 Descriptive and comparative analysis among ADHD subgroups regarding the answers of the constructed questionnaire (Q1–5)

From: Relation between exposure to different multimedia programs and presentation of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

  Mild ADHD, N = 13 Moderate ADHD, N = 13 Severe ADHD, N = 13 P1 P2 P3
N % N % N %
Q1. TV 13 100 3 23.1 0 0 < 0.001* < 0.001* 0.220
Tablet or mobile phone 0 0 10 76.9 0 0 < 0.001* < 0.001*
Combined 0 0 0 0 13 100 < 0.001* < 0.001*
Q2. Before the age of 2 years 13 100 13 100 13 100    
Q3. Children programs and cartoons, rhymes, and commercials 8 61.5 0 0 5 38.5 0.030* 0.116 0.002*
Children programs, cartoons, rhymes, and commercials + electronic games 4 30.8 10 76.9 0 0 0.047* 0.006 < 0.001*
Children programs and cartoons, rhymes, and commercials + electronic games + movies and series 1 7.7 3 23.1 8 61.5 0.116 0.040* 0.047*
Q4. 2–6 h/day 3 23.1 2 15.4 0 0 0.619 0.220 0.480
> 6 h/day 10 76.9 11 84.6 13 100
Q5. Purposeless playing 0 38.5 2 15.4 5 0 0.378 0.039* 0.480
Eating 5 30.8 3 23.1 4 38.5 0.658 0.680 0.673
Only watch 8 30.8 8 61.5 4 61.5 0.116 0.116 1
  1. P1, comparison between mild ADHD and moderate ADHD; P2, comparison between mild ADHD and severe ADHD; P3, comparison between moderate ADHD and severe ADHD. Categorical data are expressed as numbers and percentages, compared by the chi-square or Fisher exact tests
  2. *Significant