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Table 3 Descriptive and comparative analysis between the studied groups regarding the answers of the constructed questionnaire (Q1–5)

From: Relation between exposure to different multimedia programs and presentation of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

  Control, N = 30 ADHD, N = 39 P
N % N %
Q1. TV 5 16.7 16 41.0 0.029*
Tablet or mobile phone 0 0 10 25.6 0.004*
Combined 25 83.3 13 33.3 < 0.001*
Q2. Before the age of 2 years 28 93.3 39 100 0.185
After the age of 2 years 2 6.7 0 0
Q3. Children programs, cartoons, rhymes, and commercials 11 36.7 13 33.33 0.606
Children programs, cartoons, rhymes, and commercials + electronic games 1 3.3 14 35.8 0.007*
Children programs, cartoons, rhymes, and commercials + electronic games + movies and series 18 60 12 30.87 0.118
Q4. < 2 h/day 25 83.3 0 0 < 0.001*
2–6 h/day 5 16.7 5 12.8 0.737
> 6 h/day 0 0 34 87.2 < 0.001*
Q5. Playing and involving with family activities 27 90 0 0 < 0.001*
Purposeless playing 2 6.7 7 17.9 0.281
Eating 1 3.3 12 30.8 0.004*
Only watch 0 0 20 51.3 < 0.001*
  1. P comparison between ADHD and control. Categorical data are expressed as numbers and percentages, compared by the chi-square or Fisher exact tests
  2. *Significance