Skip to main content

Table 1 Reported cases of vertebral artery compression of the medulla associated with vertigo and/or imbalance

From: Vertebral artery compression of medulla oblongata causing isolated symptom of dizziness: two case reports

Patient age (years) and genderRadiographic findingsClinical presentationTreatmentOutcomeReference
38/MRight VA loop compressing the cervicomedullary junction/cranial nerve XITorticollis, vertigo, vomiting, arrhythmiasMicrovascular decompressionCervical stiffness improved[5]
68/MMedullary compression at the left lateral surface, base, and pyramidSudden 20-s imbalance, veering to the rightWarfarin sodiumNo episodes in 1 year[4]
34/FTortuous left vertebral compression on the left side at the base and tegmenta-basal junctionMultiple episodes of unsteadiness, aural fullness, tinnitus, nausea, headacheAspirinNo further deficits at 1 year[4]
32/FTortuous, dilated left vertebral compression on the left middle basilar part and pyramidEpisodes of headache, vertigo, loss of consciousness
Torsional nystagmus to the left, reduced left corneal reflex
Microvascular decompressionEpisodes disappeared for 4 months, then recurred; magnetic resonance imaging showed displacement of the left tegmentum and base[4]